JSON 格式转换成Java对象

JSON 格式转换成Java对象


源代码
添加依赖到pom.xml

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<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.fasterxml.jackson.core/jackson-core -->
<dependency>
<groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
<artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
<version>2.6.3</version>
</dependency>

需要转换的对象是ObjectCObjectD,其中ObjectD的一个成员变量是List<ObjectC>.
jackson能够递归转换,让json中包含json的这种也能够转为相应的Java对象

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//ObjectC.java
package com.workstation;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonProperty;

public class ObjectC {

@JsonProperty ("Message")
String message;

public String getMessage() {
return message;
}

public void setMessage(String message) {
this.message = message;
}

//JSON 中message也会绑定到message成员变量
@JsonProperty ("message")
public String _getMessage() {
return message;
}

@JsonProperty ("message")
public void _setMessage(String message) {
this.message = message;
}

}

如上所写,ObjectC对象和Json中的”Message”和”message”都绑定到了message成员变量

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//ObjectD.java
package com.workstation;

import java.util.List;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonProperty;

public class ObjectD {

List<ObjectC> list;

@JsonProperty ("List")
public List<ObjectC> getList() {
return list;
}

//能够像spring一样,自动完成ObjectC的转换
@JsonProperty ("List")
public void setList(List<ObjectC> list) {
this.list = list;
}

}

测试代码

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package com.workstation;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;

import org.junit.Test;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonParseException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.type.TypeReference;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.JsonMappingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;

public class testJsonToObject {

@Test
public void test() throws JsonParseException, JsonMappingException, IOException {
String jsonString = "{ \"message\":\"Hello World\"}";
ObjectC objectC = (new ObjectMapper()).readValue(jsonString, ObjectC.class);
System.out.println(objectC.getMessage());


// {
// "List": [
// {"message":"hello A"},
// {"Message":"hello B"}
// ]
// }
String jsonListString = "{\r\n" +
"\"List\": [\r\n" +
"{\"message\":\"hello A\"},\r\n" +
"{\"Message\":\"hello B\"}\r\n" +
"]\r\n" +
"}";
ObjectD objectD = (new ObjectMapper()).readValue(jsonListString, ObjectD.class);
List<ObjectC> list = objectD.getList();
for(int i = 0; i < list.size(); ++i) {
System.out.println(list.get(i).getMessage());
}


//jackson结合TypeReference
Map<String, String> map = new HashMap<String, String>();
map = (new ObjectMapper()).readValue(jsonString, new TypeReference<Map<String, String>>(){});
for(Entry<String, String> entry : map.entrySet()) {
System.out.println(entry.getKey()+":"+entry.getValue());
}

}

}


}

输出

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Hello World
hello A
hello B
message:Hello World

如上所示,jackson成功读取了含有list的json对象
jsackson还可以和TypeReference一起使用,这样对某些特定情况下就不用专门新建一个类来读取相关东西了